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Charaka Indriya Sthana twelfth Chapter Gomaya Churniya Indriyam

twelfth chapter of Charaka Indriya sthana offers about indicators and signs of imminent loss of life as indicated by indicators like the looks of a substance resembling cow dung powder within the head. The chapter title is Gomaya choorniya indriyam.

We will now discover the chapter on “Imminent Demise as indicated by indicators like the looks of a Substance resembling Cow dung powder within the Head”. Thus stated Lord Atreya [1-2]
Learn – Arishta Lakshanas – Ominous Indicators And Signs Indicating Dangerous Prognosis

 Indicators of imminent Demise

  • If an unctuous powder resembling that of cow dung seems in and falls down from the top. The affected person might reside for one month solely.
  • Morbid circumstances just like the rubbing of legs on the spherical and drooping of the shoulders of a person whereas operating point out his imminent loss of life.
  • One wouldn’t reside for greater than a fortnight if after bathtub or software of unction, his chest will get dried up whereas the remainder of the physique stays moist.
  • If the doctor may be very eager to manage a remedy to the affected person, however doesn’t reach getting ready the medicines for a similar (regardless of all of the efforts to take action) or present the therapy, such a affected person hardly survives.
  • If a drug which is well-known for its therapeutic results, which has been efficiently tried in lots of different instances and which is run based on the prescription within the scriptures, fails to provide the specified impact on a specific affected person, he ought to be thought-about as past therapy i.e. his loss of life is assured.
  • If the weight loss plan ready underneath the supervision of an skilled doctor correctly administered to a affected person doesn’t produce the specified impact, the affected person succumbs to loss of life. [3-8]
    Learn – Significance Of Food regimen (Pathya) For Particular Illnesses

Attribute options of messenger

Now we will clarify the indicators of imminent loss of life as indicated by attribute options of the messenger who involves take the doctor to the affected person’s home. If such indicators are noticed, the sensible doctor ought to reject the affected person (shouldn’t deal with) with out hesitation (as a result of his loss of life can be confirmed).[9]

  • If the messenger arrives on the doctor’s home when the latter is dishevelled (has not combed his hairs or saved them open), bare, crying or unclean, the affected person ought to be thought-about as moribund.[10]
  • If the messenger arrives on the doctor’s home when the latter is sleeping, is reducing one thing, or is breaking open one thing, the doctor shouldn’t go in the direction of the affected person’s home or try and deal with her or him.
  • If the messenger arrives on the doctor’s home whereas the latter is providing oblations to the fireplace or Pinda (balls of meals) to his ancestors (as oblation) then the affected person for whom the messenger was despatched would succumb to loss of life.
  • The messenger of the affected person who’s about to die will come to the door of the doctor who’s listening to or talking one thing inauspicious.[11 – 13]
    Learn – Prognosis Indicators Primarily based On The Messenger – Doota Adhishtita Arishta
  • If the messenger approaches the doctor when the latter is speaking a couple of lifeless, burnt or destroyed / mutilated factor or individual or is talking / discussing about inauspicious duties or information, the affected person for whom the messenger has come will die quickly.
  • If the messenger involves the doctor’s home or place which has attributes much like these of the illness from which the affected person is struggling, he ought to be thought-about as moribund. Instance – If the affected person is affected by Raktapitta (a situation characterised by bleeding from varied elements of the physique) and the messenger despatched by him arrives on the doctor’s home when fireplace is burning close by (desa) or burning mid-day (Kala), each of which have attributes much like these of Raktapitta, the affected person is bound to die.
  • If the messenger is in a depressing situation, frightened, hurried, terrified and unclean or if the messenger occurs to be a girl with out chastity who has worn unclean garments, or if three messengers come at a time, or if he has deformed organs (handicap) or if the messenger is an eunuch, the affected person for whom such a messenger is shipped is to be thought-about as moribund.
  • If the messenger is poor in any organs of his physique, if his limbs, nostril or ears have been reduce (mutilated, broken), is an ascetic, is the one who’s observing chastity, or if he’s indulged in merciless actives the doctor shouldn’t attend the affected person for whom such a messenger has come (as a result of the affected person is anyhow going to die).
  • If the messenger is available in a car carried by a donkey of camel (or using a donkey or camel) or a chariot, the affected person for whom he has been despatched succumbs to loss of life.
  • When the doctor sees the messenger for the primary time, if the latter is discovered to be touching both straw, chaff, flesh, bone, hair of the top, small hairs of the physique, nails, tooth, broom, rod meant for pounding grains, tray used for winnowing, leather-based items from footwear, grass, wooden items, husk, charcoal, lump of earth / clay, or stone, the affected person for whom he has been despatched ought to be thought-about as moribund. [14 – 19]
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  • If the doctor sees unhealthy omens whereas the messenger describes the situation of the affected person, he shouldn’t accompany such a messenger to the affected person’s home i.e. such an incident signifies imminent loss of life of the affected person.
  • Equally, if the doctor comes throughout a sorrowful individual, lifeless physique or Pretalankara (adornments of lifeless individuals) he shouldn’t attend the affected person.
  • If the doctor occurs to see somebody (one thing) being reduce, burnt or lifeless (destroyed) or the sound of assertion describing such incident, or tastes that are acute and pungent, or scent which is exceedingly pungent like that of a corpse, or contact of issues that are exceedingly harsh or such different sensory objects that are thought-about inauspicious, instantly earlier than or in the course of the receipt of the message or after listening to the decision of the messenger, the affected person for whom the messenger is shipped ought to be thought-about as nearing loss of life.

Thus, all concerning the indicators of imminent loss of life as indicated by the attribute options of the messenger who comes from the affected person’s home to the doctor is described [20-25]
Learn – Dangerous Prognosis Primarily based On Odor, Contact, Style, Color And Voice

An incident in doctor’s technique to affected person’s home

Now we will talk about the indicators of imminent loss of life as indicated by the attribute options of incidents within the physicians’ technique to the affected person’s home or on the time of arrival at his (affected person’s) home.

  • Sneezing, sounds of somebody crying out of concern or screaming, stumbling, falling, listening to somebody crying / yelling out of anger or disappointment, imaginative and prescient of individuals quarrelling or beating one another, somebody stopping from going forward or listening to of abuses.
  • Some abnormalities abruptly seen within the garments, turban, scarf, umbrella or pair of footwear such that they can’t be worn or carried or imaginative and prescient of relations of the lifeless individual who’re grieving or imaginative and prescient of lifeless or grieving individuals on the pathway to affected person’s home.
  • Falling or Caitya (spiritual Fig tree), flag workers, flag or pitcher stuffed with water, arrival of knowledge concerning loss of life or different inauspicious issues, physique getting lined or polluted by ashes or mud.
  • Cats, canines or snakes crossing the trail, or listening to wild animals like jackals, vultures and so on crying loudly going through southwards.
  • Imaginative and prescient of beds, seats, vessels and automobiles that are turned the wrong way up—all these are thought-about to be inauspicious by the sensible.
  • A sensible doctor who comes throughout these auspicious and ominous indicators or hears about them in his technique to the affected person’s home or on the time of arrival at his (affected person’s) home shouldn’t proceed additional (to the affected person’s home).

Thus the indicators of imminent loss of life as indicated by the attribute options of the doctor’s technique to the affected person’s home are described. The doctor ought to keep away from treating the affected person in such conditions. [25-31]
Learn – How To Make Prognosis Of Illness In accordance To Ayurveda?

Signifies whereas getting into the affected person’s home

The attribute options of the home of the moribund affected person are as follows:

  • On the time of entrance into the home of the moribund affected person, if the doctor observes the exit (from the affected person’s home) of pitcher stuffed with water, fireplace, earth, seeds, fruit, ghee, a bull, a Brahmin, treasured  stones, ready meals or idols of the Gods it ought to be thought-about as ominous.
  • Inside such a affected person’s home he may even see the damaged vessels stuffed with fireplace (through which fireplace is lit) or the fireplace with out flame and solely smoke arising from the fireplace (extinguished fireplace).
  • Issues which are damaged, cracked, burnt, cut up or crushed are utilized by essential individuals residing in the home of the affected person who’s moribund.
  • If inauspicious and unsightly issues are being stated concerning the mattress, material, car, gait / journey and meals and so on of the affected person (inside affected person’s home) the therapy of such a affected person won’t change into profitable (the affected person will certainly die).
  • If the relations of the affected person prepare for his mattress, material, car and different attire that are befitting for lifeless our bodies, then the affected person ought to be thought-about as already lifeless.
  • No therapy would change into fruitful in curing the affected person if the meals given to him turns into exceedingly rotten and the fireplace for him will get extinguished regardless of it being provided with gas in satisfactory amount and the place whereby the fireplace is lit is devoid of wind.
  • If saucers and plates usually fall down and get damaged in the home of a affected person then his life can hardly be saved. [32-39]
    Learn – Dangerous Prognosis Primarily based On Premonitory Signs Of Illness – Purvarupiya Arishta

Want and scope of repetition

Thus, it’s stated:
Indicators of imminent loss of life of moribund individuals described intimately within the twelve chapters will now be described in short another way which elucidates their inherent that means.
It’s after all not the intention to enter the topic once more intimately as a result of such particulars are already described within the respective chapters. [40-42]

Indicators of impending loss of life

The soul who’s spending his closing moments within the current physique through which he’s situated, who’s enthusiastic to depart this physique and journey additional forward, who is able to get indifferent from the life parts which he had appreciated them earlier and migrate to one more physique earlier than this physique succumbs to closing darkness within the type of loss of life, the method of destruction within the physique is initiated in the one that is about to enter the darkness known as loss of life after he getting indifferent and separated from the devices (organs) of the physique.
As proposed earlier the indicators that are manifested and the modifications which occur within the particular person and his soul throughout this time will now be described. That is based mostly upon the scriptural authority.
Learn – Atma – The Soul: Varieties, Life Cycle

They’re as follows:

  • Affliction of Prana i.e. very important breath, clouding of understanding, the elements of the physique change into weak and there may be drainage of power from limbs (they change into much less energetic as their capabilities are impaired), and there may be cessation of actions.
  • Destruction of sensory and motor capabilities (as a result of impairment of actions in sensory organs and motor organs).
  • Impairment of consciousness
  • Restlessness and nervousness within the thoughts about life
  • Affliction of the thoughts with concern
  • Deprivation of reminiscence and retention energy, mind, pure modesty and lustre of the physique
  • Aggravation of ailments attributable to sinful acts
  • Destruction of Ojas and complexion
  • Radical change within the conduct and character of the individual
  • Adjustments in what he likes
  • Perversion and abnormality within the mirrored picture and lustre of the person
  • Expulsion (ejaculation) of the semen takes place even when the individual is sexually not provoked or not within the sexual act
  • Upward motion of Vata
  • Losing of muscle tissue and blood
  • Diminution of the heat and warmth (in locations whereby it ought to naturally be current) and growth of coldness in these elements of the physique
  • Dislocation / laxity of joints
  • Foul scent emanated from the physique
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Impairment of complexion / discoloration of the physique
  • Dryness of the orifices of the physique
  • Look as if smoke is coming from the top
  • Look of substance like the ability of cow dung within the head which is indicative of imminent loss of life
  • Full cessation of pulsation / actions within the elements (organs) of the physique which normally pulsate continuously in regular circumstances
  • Manifestation of attributes of reverse nature in these elements of the physique that are  both chilly, scorching, delicate, or tough; and comparable different options
  • Look of flower like indicators of white spots in nails and adherence of mud like substance in tooth
  • Matting of eye-lashes and manifestation of Simantas i.e. strains attributable to parting of hair within the head (regardless of not being manually parted)
  • Issue in acquiring the specified medicine for getting ready the medicines in the direction of the affected person and even when such medicine are obtained, their actions (and the motion of the medicines made by these medicine) usually are not manifested in consonance with their efficiency
  • Sudden manifestation and worsening of significant ailments of numerous varieties and requiring several types of therapy by overpowering the power and Ojas (energy of resistance to ailments and decay)
  • Manifestation of inauspicious sound, contact, style, imaginative and prescient, smells, motion and ideas within the doctor whereas treating such sufferers
  • Look of merciless goals and manifestation of evil disposition for the affected person and the individuals nearer to him change into his rivals
  • Hostility of the messenger and alter in complexion to that of a lifeless individual
  • Diminution of the traditional attribute options of the physique, abnormality within the well being standing and aggravation of the morbid circumstances and
  • Manifestation of all of the inauspicious indicators unexpectedly

As proposed earlier, the indicators of imminent loss of life based mostly on scriptural authority are described. [43-61]
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Data on impending loss of life to be saved secret

Regardless of being conscious of the onset of the unhealthy prognostic indicators of impending loss of life, the doctor shouldn’t announce the imminence of loss of life with out being specifically requested for that. If the announcement of unhealthy prognosis is prone to trigger collapse of the affected person or misery of others (relations and pals round), the doctor shouldn’t announce something concerning the approaching loss of life (of the affected person) regardless of specifically requested for.
The sensible doctor ought to nevertheless chorus from treating affected person having indicators of imminent loss of life with out making announcement of the approaching loss of life. [62-64]
Learn – Do’s and Don’ts To Comply with With Your Physician

Good prognostic indicators ought to be disclosed

If the doctor comes throughout auspicious indicators of restoration (reverse to the inauspicious indicators of approaching loss of life) of the affected person as indicated by:
– attribute options of the messenger
– sudden manifestation of sure auspicious indicators
– indicators within the doctor’s technique to affected person’s home
– attribute options of the affected person’s residence
– method and conduct of the affected person
– availability of medicine relaxed
he ought to make this announcement positively. [65-66]
Learn – Sadvritta In Ayurveda – Code Of Conduct For Wholesome Life

Messengers indicating good prognosis

The next sorts of messengers are to be thought-about as auspicious that’s – messenger indicative of beneficial prognosis:

  • he would have good conduct and nice behaviour
  • he’s not devoid of any organ of his physique;
  • he’s of excellent reputation and clad with white cloths;
  • he has not fully shaved, he has a tuft of hair within the crown of his head and his hairs usually are not matted,
  • he’s comparable in caste, gown and motion to the affected person,
  • he has not arrived in a car carried by camel or donkey;
  • he has not come on the time of Sandhya i.e., morning or night twilight,
  • he has not come throughout inauspicious planetary positions,
  • he has come at a time when merciless stars are current or throughout presence of dhruva star (he has come at a time when the Uttaraphalguni, Uttarasadha, Uttarabhadrapada and Rohini stars are auspicious and on auspicious Tithis i.e. dates)
  • he has not come on 4th, 9th, and 14th days or rikta tithi (date) of the lunar fortnight
  • he has come at a time apart from the midday or midnight, when there isn’t any earthquake and when there isn’t any eclipse;
  • he has come to a spot which isn’t defamed and which is devoid of inauspicious traits;
  • he’s not perturbed [67-70
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Incident on the way or while entering patient’s house indicating good prognosis

If while entering or on his way to patient’s house, the physician comes across the following, then he can predict the recovery of the patient.

  • Curd
  • Aksata (grains of intact rice)
  • Brahmanas
  • Bulls
  • King
  • Gems
  • Pitchers filled with water
  • White horse
  • Flags and banners dedicated to Lord Indra
  • Fruits
  • Grains of barely
  • Boys and girls seated on the lap (or boys, girls and earthen plate)
  • An animal of good breed tied to a rope
  • Cultivated land
  • Kindled fire
  • Sweets
  • White coloured flower
  • Sandal paste
  • Delicious food articles and drinks
  • A cart fully loaded with human beings
  • A cow together with a calf
  • A mare with her calf
  • A woman with her child
  • Cakora (cukor)
  • Siddhartha
  • Sarasa (crane)
  • Oataka (sparrow)
  • Swan
  • Satapatra (parrot)
  • Casa (blue joy)
  • Peacock
  • Fish
  • Goat
  • Elephant tusk
  • Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophyla Vahl)
  • Ghee
  • Rucaka (ornaments of horses)
  • Mirror
  • White mustard
  • Gorocana (bile of cow)
  • Fragrance
  • Things having white colour
  • Sweet taste
  • Sweet and auspicious voices of animals, birds and human beings
  • Unfolding of umbrellas, flags and banners
  • Prayers
  • Sound of cattle drums, drums and conches
  • Punyaha (auspicious sounds)
  • Sounds of vedic recitations and soothing wind from the South direction. [71-80]
    Learn – Shloka (Verses) To Relieve Microbes As Described By Sushruta

Indicators of excellent prognosis

The next are the auspicious indicators indicative of a positive success within the therapy of a affected person –

  • Engagement in auspicious acts, faithfulness and favorable disposition of the affected person and his kinsmen;
  • Assortment of satisfactory funds and different equipment
  • Attainment of wealth, energy and happiness
  • Straightforward availability of desired issues
  • Straightforward availability of medicine in abundance and availability of various strategies of getting ready medicines from them and utilizing them, beneficial impact of those medicine when administered and
  • Desires like (a) climbing on the roof of the home, palace, hill, elephant, bull, horse and human being (b) imaginative and prescient of the moon, the solar, fireplace, Brahmana, cow and man of reputation, (c) swimming within the ocean; (d) enchancment of well being, (e) finish of sufferings, (f) dialogue with the gods and forefathers of their pleasing temper (g) imaginative and prescient of white clothes and a clear lake, (h) acquiring of meat, fish, poison, unclean objects umbrella and mirror (i) imaginative and prescient of white flowers (j) using of horses, bulls and  chariots and transferring in the direction of the north-east, (ok) weeping; (l) rising after fall and (m) subjugation of enemies [80-86]
    Learn – Achara Rasayana – Behavioral Remedy For Calm Thoughts And Lengthy Life

Furthermore, look of noble qualities, devoted, devotion to physicians and Brahmana, subjective feeling of curability of ailments, freedom from nervousness constitutes the indicators and signs of fast restoration from sickness. A person of auspicious traits attains power, longevity, happiness and different fascinating objects solely when he possesses good well being. [87-88]

To sum up:-On this chapter on “Imminent loss of life as indicated by indicators like the looks of substance resembling cow dung powder within the head”, indicators and signs of imminent of the affected person, unintended happenings, reasoning and accomplishments of success are described. [89]
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Utility of the information

Indicators and signs described on this chapter ought to at all times be correctly studied by the doctor. It is just then {that a} doctor can attain success, fame and wealth in addition to accomplishment by therapy. [90]
Thus ends the 12th chapter on “Imminent loss of life as indicated by indicators like the looks of a substance resembling cow-dung powder within the head” of the Indriya Part of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka



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