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Charaka Shareera Sthana fifth Chapter Purushavichayam Shareeram


fifth chapter of Charaka Shareera sthana offers with “the person as an Epitome of the Universe”. The chapter title is Purushavichayam Shareeram.

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Particular person and Universe

Now we will discover the chapter coping with “the person as an Epitome of the Universe” as conducive to the understanding of the physique. Thus mentioned Lord Atreya [1-2]

Particular person – an epitome of universe

A person is an epitome of the universe as all materials and religious phenomena of the universe are current within the particular person and all these current within the particular person are additionally contained within the universe.
“Thus mentioned Punarvasu Atreya. Then Agnivesha enquired, “We can not grasp the concept contained on this aphoristic assertion out of your enlightened self. “Lord Atreya replied, “Innumerable are the precise components of the universe and so are innumerable the precise components of a person. I’ll clarify to you among the gross phenomena frequent to the universe a properly as the person, hearken to me attentively Agnivesha. Purusha is nothing however the mixture of the six Dhatus, i.e. Prthvi – earth, Jala – water, Teja / Agni – fireplace, Vayu – wind, Akasha – ether and Brahman – the soul. [3-4]
Learn – Atma – The Soul: Varieties, Life Cycle

Id of things in particular person with these of universe

Prthvi constitutes the type of man
Jala – constitutes the moisture
Tejas – constitutes the warmth
Vayu – constitutes the life aspect / élan Vitae
Akasha – constitutes all of the porous components and
Brahman – constitutes the inner Soul

Id of the assorted common phenomena as current within the particular person is given under:

  Common  Phenomena   Corresponding phenomena in man
1,2 Doubtlessly of the Brahman symbolized by Daksha Prajapati 1,2 Doubtlessly of the inner Soul symbolized by the thoughts
3 Indra 3 Ahamkara (ego)
4 Aditya 4 Accumulation
5 Rudra 5 Anger
6 Soma (Moon) 6 Pleasure
7 Vasus 7 Happiness
8 The Asvins 8 complexion
9 Marut 9 enthusiasm
10 Visvedeva 10 All of the senses and objects of senses.
11 Tamas (darkness) 11 Ignorance
12 Jyothi (mild) 12 Information
13 Starting of creation 13 Impregnation
14 Krta age 14 Childhood
15 Treta age 15 Youth
16 Dvapara age 16 Center age
17 Kali age 17 Previous age
18 Deluge 18 Demise

The above description is given solely by the use of illustration. There are lots of different phenomena frequent to the universe and man which could be understood by inference, O! Agnivesha. [5]
Learn – Paramatma – The Better Soul: Distinction Between Jivatma And Ishwara

Utility of the data of the Particular person as an epitome of Universe

Agnivesha once more requested Lord Atreya, “All that you’ve got mentioned concerning the id of phenomena current within the universe and man is true with none exception. However then how is that this assertion related within the context of drugs?”.

Lord Atreya replied, “Take heed to me O! Agnivesha. One who sees equality in your entire universe in his personal self, and his personal self in your entire universe is in possession of true data. Such an individual experiencing your entire universe in his personal self believes that none however his personal self is chargeable for happiness and miseries. The person self being subordinate to his personal motion indulges in numerous actions solely when impelled by hetu (trigger) and many others. As quickly as he realizes his id with your entire universe, he’s in possession of true data which stands him in good stead in getting salvation.

The time period “Loka” implies right here a mixture of a number of components. A congregation of six Dhatus constitutes your entire universe consisting of all creatures. [6-7]
Learn – Moksha – The Final Non secular Liberation

Miseries and happiness of the Particular person

A person has a Hetu (trigger), Utpatti (start), Vrddhi (development), Upaplava (Decay) and Viyoga (dissolution). Hetu is the reason for manifestation, Utpatti is start, Vrddhi is development, Upaplava is insulation or attainment of the pure state.
His attachment to the assorted actions constitutes a causative issue of all his miseries and detachment a causative issue of cessation of all miseries. Realisation of the truth that ‘attachment results in miseries’ and ‘detachment results in happiness’ is taken into account as the true data.
This data could be achieved solely by advantage of the realisation of the id of the universe and man. That is the article of instruction referring to the id of the universe and man. [8]
Learn – 40 Methods To Attain Salvation As Per Ayurveda – Nivrutti

Reason for attachment and technique of detachment

Thereafter Agnivesha requested, “What’s explanation for attachment and what are the components chargeable for detachment?” Lord Atreya mentioned, “Attachment is brought on by ignorance, need, hatred and purposeful motion. Ahamkara, Sanga, Samshaya, abhisamplava, abhyavapata, Vipratyaya, avisesa and Anupaya additionally come up out of attachment.

These components arising out of attachment would encroach and envelope a person, overcome (dominate) him and turn out to be all highly effective identical to a giant tree with many lengthy branches dominate (overcome) and overgrow a small tree and turn out to be all highly effective and encroaching. These components engulf a person to such an extent that he would discover it not possible to free himself from the clutches of ignorance and many others worldly habits.
Learn – Pravritti – Attachment, That means, Causes, Results of Attachment

Ahamkara represents an egoistic feeling. It’s to inform ‘I belong to the most effective clan, I’m endowed with the most effective of look, wealth, goodness, character, nice intelligence, nice conduct, good household / lineage, youth, valour / efficiency and affect.
Sanga represents that psychological, vocal or bodily motion which isn’t conducive to the attainment of salvation.
Samsaya stands for doubt relating to the existence of the results of the previous motion, salvation, soul, life after dying, reincarnation / rebirth and many others.
Abhisamplava – contains imbibing or establishing the opposite’s high quality. It may be thought of because the mistaken notion of figuring out one’s soul with one’s physique. Instance – making statements like ‘in any given scenario, I’m second to none (I’m the last word)’, or ‘I’m the creator of all the pieces’ or ‘I’m a self established and completed particular person by nature’ or ‘I’m a mixture of physique, sense organs, intelligence and reminiscence’.
Abhyavapata – It contains exhibiting possessiveness in direction of the issues detached to self and which doesn’t belong to self. It’s a sense of possession. Instance – ‘telling I’ve father, mom, spouse, progeny, kin, pals and servants and I belong to them’.
Vipratyaya – contains ‘contrasting perception’ like contemplating a fascinating act as undesirable, one thing useful as non-beneficial or dangerous and the acts and issues that are auspicious as inauspicious and vice versa.
Avishesha – is lack of distinction when an individual turns into incapable of creating distinction between consciousness and unconsciousness, nature and its modifications, attachment and non-attachment (detachment).
Anupaya – contains non secular rituals that are inefficient. These rituals embody –

  • Proksana – consecration
  • Anashana – fasting / hunger
  • Agnihotra – oblation to the fireplace
  • Trishavana – performing sacrifice thrice a day whereas worshiping soma
  • Abhyukshana – wetting
  • Aavahana – invocation
  • Yajana – main or guiding sacrificial rituals
  • Yajna – fireplace sacrifice
  • Yachana – begging
  • Salila hutashana praveshah – getting into into water and fireplace

The particular person turns into an abode of all miseries and can be trapped within the vicious cycle of life and dying and won’t attain salvation if –

  • he’s devoid of mind, restraint and reminiscence
  • is egoistic and self centred
  • is hooked up to things, individuals and actions
  • is incapable of distinguishing between what is nice and what’s dangerous
  • is unable to differentiate between self (soul) and the bodily physique

The properly being of the purusha – individually and likewise socially is the supply of salvation from every kind of miseries which ultimately can be the last word purpose of Ayurveda.
Learn – Remedy For Extra Wishes – Naishtiki Chikitsa

Salvation and methods of accomplishing it

Learn – Sadvritta In Ayurveda – Code Of Conduct For Wholesome Life

Detachment is salvation
It’s Para (absolute)
It’s Prasanta (Serene)
It’s Akshara (immutable)
It’s Brahman
It’s Moksha (Emancipation)
We will now clarify the methods and technique of getting salvation. From the very starting the next represent the conduct and conduct of a person who has realized the defects of the world and who’s desirous of getting salvation:

  • Go to to the preceptor i.e. the one imparting directions on salvation
  • To hold out his directions
  • Unique service to the fireplace
  • To comply with the prescriptions of non secular scriptures
  • To know the which means of such scriptures
  • To have endurance as prescribed in scriptures
  • To carry out acts as prescribed in scriptures
  • Devotion to the noble
  • To avoid the corporate of the depraved
  • Dissociation with the depraved
  • To make assertion that are true, helpful for all creatures and never harsh; such statements must be made after correct examination at acceptable time
  • To have a look at all creatures as in the event that they symbolize himself
  • Avoidance of all contacts together with remembering, considering, requesting and speaking with girl
  • Avoidance of all acquisitions
  • Carrying of Kaupina (loin- fabric)
  • Carrying of saffron colored gown
  • Having a needle case for the stitching of gown
  • Having a water pot for sustaining cleanliness
  • Having sacred Danda (stick)
  • Having sacred begging bowel
  • Taking prescribed meals solely as soon as a day simply to protect his life
  • Having a mattress consisting of dry leaves, grass and many others, only for relaxation
  • Use of Yogapatta (a wood resting plank) for meditation
  • Dwelling within the woods with out having any dwelling
  • Avoidance of drowsiness, sleep, laziness and many others
  • Avoidance of attachment and hatred in direction of the objects of sense organs
  • Initiating actions like sleeping, staying, going, seeing, consuming, having fun with, motion of all numerous limbs (with a way of recollection of the character of his personal soul and many others)
  • Upkeep of serenity within the face of honour, reward, criticism and insult
  • To face the onslaught of starvation, thirst, efforts, labour, chilly, warmth, wind, rains, happiness, miseries and sensory contacts non-disturbance by sorrow, miseries, respect, perturbation, vainness, greed, attachment, envy, concern, anger and many others
  • To view delight and many others, as disturbing components
  • To recollect the equivalent nature of creation and many others, of the self and the universe
  • To be afraid of suspending actions conducive to salvation
  • To trust in yogic practices
  • To be optimistic about religious attainments
  • To direct intelligence, endurance, reminiscence and energy for salvation
  • Restraint of sense organs within the thoughts (in order to not permit them to maneuver in direction of exterior objects) restraint of the thoughts within the self and at last of the self in himself
  • Realisation of various organs of the physique as composed of Dhatus (tissue parts)
  • To understand that belonging to self
  • To view all hooked up actions as sinful and
  • To think about renunciation as a potent issue for happiness
  • That is the gate strategy to salvation. One finds himself in bondage in any other case. Thus the methods and means to salvation are defined. [11-12]
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Thus it’s mentioned

The vitiated thoughts will get purified by these purifying components as a mirror is cleaned with the assistance of oil-cloth, hair and many others. Identical to the Solar dazzles when it’s not lined by Rahu, chilly, mud smoke and fog, the thoughts too shines when it’s in a state of purity. Whereas restrained within the soul together with his motion obscured, the thoughts, pure and secure, shines identical to the lamp shines with vibrant flame within the lamp case. [13-15]

An individual together with his thoughts pure, is in possession of true knowledge

  • which dispels the excessively thick darkness brought on by ignorance,
  • which brings about detachment and data concerning the nature of all issues,
  • which is conducive to the attainment of yogic energy,
  • which renders a person sensible,
  • which brings about freedom from vainness and detachment from the causative components of miseries,
  • which renders a person free from hopes,
  • which brings about renunciation and
  • which serves as a method to attainment of Brahman, the Everlasting, Immutable, Tranquil and Indestructible

It’s this knowledge which is called Vidya (studying), Siddhi (accomplishment), Mati (Jnana (data). [16-19]
Learn – Thoughts – Qualities, Features, Doshas As Per Ayurveda

Impact of identification of the person with the Universe
If one realises himself as unfold in your entire universe and your entire universe unfold in him, he’s certainly in possession of transcendental and worldly imaginative and prescient. His serenity of thoughts based mostly on knowledge does by no means feed away. [20]

Cessation of contacts

When an individual visualizes the presence of all the pieces in all conditions, he’s one with Brahma, absolutely the. He does not have any contacts with, the assorted and sinful acts. [21]

Liberation from bondage

It’s not doable even to characterize the liberated Soul as a result of he has no contact in anyway with psychological or different sense colleges. So, being indifferent of all sensory contacts, he’s thought of to be a liberated Soul. [22]

Synonyms of “Santi (Liberation)”

Shanti (Liberation) is synonymous with Vipapa (free from sinful acts), Viraja (free from attachments), Santa (serene), Para (absolute), Aksara (indestructible), Avyaya (immutable), and Amrta (extinction of all miseries). That is religious data after realizing which, the sages get freedom from all doubts, ignorance, attachment and wishes attain the state of Prasama (absolute tranquillity) i.e. salvation. [23-24]
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To sum up:-
On this chapter with ‘the person as an epitome of the universe’, the sage has described the next subjects:
The frequent origin of the universe and the person along with goal behind the data of such a standard data.
Attainment of the pure state of the thoughts
Virtuous mind conducive to the attainment of salvation and
Salvation [25-26]
Thus ends the fifth chapter coping with “the Particular person as an Epitome of the universe as conducive to the understanding of the physique” of the Sharira part of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [5]

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