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Charaka Shareera Sthana sixth Chapter Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram


sixth chapter of Charaka Shareera sthana offers with “data of the main points of the Physique”. The chapter identify is Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram.

Learn – Shaareera: Ayurvedic Examine Of Anatomy And Physiology

Structure of Physique

We will now expound the chapter on ‘data of the main points of the Physique” as conducive to its understanding. Thus mentioned Lord Atreya [1-2]

Utility of the detailed data of physique

Detailed data of physique:
Detailed data of the human physique is conducive to the wellbeing of the person. Understanding of the elements that represent the physique offers data relating to the elements that are chargeable for its wellbeing. It’s due to this that consultants reward the data of the main points of the physique (and demand that one has an intensive data of the identical). [3]

Composition of physique – outcomes of their concordance and discordance

The physique which is maintained in a state of equilibrium represents the conglomeration of things derived from 5 Mahabhutas and that is the positioning of manifestation of consciousness. When Dhatus on this physique turns into conflicting then there’s illness or destruction (of the physique). Aggravation or diminution of dhatus both partially or of their entirety constitutes this discordance. [4]

Dhatus having mutually reverse qualities endure enhance and reduce concurrently. A factor which will increase a selected Dhatu can also be chargeable for the lower of the Dhatu having reverse high quality. [5]
Learn – Shareera: Formation Of Human Physique, Ayurvedic Idea

Sustaining equilibrium of Dhatus is the thing of remedy

Due to this fact, medical therapies when correctly administered concurrently convey each the lowered and elevated Dhatus to their regular state by lowering the elevated ones and growing the lowered ones. [6]

Upkeep of equilibrium of Dhatus

Whereas administering therapies and in addition whereas resorting to regimens for the upkeep of constructive well being equilibrium of Dhatus is searched for because the ‘finish consequence’.
Even wholesome individuals ought to correctly use healthful meals with acceptable style and attributes and in addition meals processed correctly with an intention to keep up the equilibrium of Dhatus.
After taking the meals dominated by specific attributes, it’s fascinating to neutralize their results by resorting to the regimens that are contradictory to them. [7]
Learn – Significance Of Weight-reduction plan (Pathya) For Particular Illnesses

Directions for sustaining equilibrium

Equilibrium of dhatus offers constructive well being. To take care of this equilibrium one ought to observe the under talked about advices –

  • One ought to correctly resort to such actions and take such meals that are opposite to the locality, season and bodily structure of the person. For instance, one ought to bask in sleep whereas dwelling in a desert; one ought to resort to train through the spring season; a person with a fatty physique ought to resort to train and vigil in extra.
  • One ought to chorus from extreme utilization, unsuitable utilization and non-utilization of the time, mind and objects of senses.
  • One shouldn’t suppress manifested urges and
  • One ought to chorus from exhibiting energy past one’s actual capability. [8]

Meals and Dhatus

Dhatus (tissue parts) contained in the physique of the person get elevated by the routine use of meals preparations that are both of comparable attributes or are dominated by such attributes. Routine use of meals having reverse qualities or having the dominance of such reverse qualities reduces the Dhatus. [9]
Learn – Consuming Etiquette: Ayurvedic Wholesome Consuming Guidelines

Attributes of Dhatus within the Physique

Guru (heaviness)
Laghu (lightness)
Shita (coldness)
Usna (warmth)
Snigdha (unctuousness)
Ruksa (roughness)
Manda (dullness)
Tiksna (sharpness)
Sthira (immobility)
Sara (mobility / circulation)
Mrdu (softness)
Kathina (hardness)
Visassa (non sliminess)
Picchila (sliminess)
uksma (minuteness)
Sthula (bulkiness, stoutness)
Sandra (density) and
Drava (liquidity)
Learn – Gurvadi Gunas – 20 Qualities Of Substances As Per Ayurveda

These are the twenty attributes of physique tissues which account for his or her enhance or lower. By the routine use of heavy meals preparations the Dhatus that are heavy (having heaviness attribute / high quality) get elevated, and people that are mild (having lightness attribute / high quality) get lowered. Equally by the continued use of lighter meals the tissues that are mild get elevated and the tissues that are heavy get decreased.
Equally, all Dhatus get elevated by means of substances having related properties and get lowered by means of these having reverse properties. Following the identical precept – by consumption of meat the muscle tissues within the physique would enhance compared to the opposite tissues. Equally blood tissue will increase by blood, adipose tissue would enhance by fats, consumption of muscle fats will increase the identical tissue i.e. muscle fats, consumption of cartilage will increase bone tissue, the bone marrow tissue would enhance on consumption of bone marrow, semen would enhance on consumption of semen and the foetus would enhance by consumption of amagarbha i.e. immature foetus reminiscent of an egg. [10]
Learn – Ayurvedic Weight-reduction plan And Life-style For Pregnant Lady

Administration of elements having predominance of attributes

  • If a selected tissue aspect is to be elevated and the homologous dietary articles can’t be taken due to their non-availability, hateful disposition or another trigger, then meals preparations of various nature however having the predominance of the attributes of the Dhatu to be promoted ought to be used. (Sure examples on this connection are given under)
  • When there’s a deficiency of semen, milk, ghee and such different substances identified to be candy, unctuous and chilly ought to be administered with a view to advertise.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of urine, sugarcane juice, Varuni kind of wine, Manda (skinny gruel) liquid issues and substances having candy, saline and bitter tastes and of sticky nature are to be administered.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of feces, Kulmasha (paste of barley combined up with sizzling water and barely boiled in order from a cake), Masha (Phaseolus Radiatus Linn), Kuskunda (Mushroom), Ajamadhya (center portion of the goat consisting of intestines and different belly viscera), yava (barley), leafy greens and Dhanyamla (bitter fermented liquor from rice gruel) ought to give.
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Vata, substances having pungent, bitter an astringent tastes and dry, mild and cooling property ought to be administered.
  • For the remedy of affected person affected by the diminution of Pitta, substances having bitter, saline and pungent tastes and alkaline, sizzling and sharp properties ought to be administered and
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Kapha, substances having candy style, unctuous, heavy, dense and slimy properties ought to be administered.
  • Even all these actions which might enhance these dhatus ought to be resorted to. Equally different Dhatus also needs to be both elevated or decreased by the administration of homologous and non- homologous substances in acceptable time. Thus the elements which enhance of lower all of the Dhatus are described – some Dhatus are individually described and for remaining Dhatus, the precept laid down right here ought to be utilized. [11]

Components chargeable for development of physique

The next elements are chargeable for the expansion of the physique in its entirety. 

  1. Alternative; for instance, youth is the correct time for the expansion of the person. Throughout younger age, it’s the specificity of the time which is chargeable for the expansion of the person.
  2. Beneficial disposition of the character; for instance, outcomes of the unseen (previous) actions are additionally chargeable for the expansion of particular person’s physique
  3. Excellence of the properties of meals and
  4. Absence of inhibiting elements; for instance, extreme indulgence in intercourse and psychological affliction inhibits the expansion of the person’s physique [12]
    Learn – Brumhana Remedy – Nourishing Ayurvedic Therapy Precept

Components chargeable for promotion of energy

The next elements are chargeable for the promotion of energy:

  • Delivery in a rustic the place individuals are naturally robust;
  • Delivery at a time when individuals naturally acquire energy
  • Beneficial disposition of time (nice and average local weather)
  • Excellence of the qualities of the seed (sperm) and Ashaya (ovum and uterus) of the dad and mom;
  • Excellence of the ingested meals
  • Excellence of the physique
  • Excellence of the Satmya (wholesomeness of assorted elements chargeable for the upkeep of the physique)
  • Excellence of the thoughts
  • Beneficial disposition of the character
  • Train and
  • Cheerful disposition [13]
    Learn – Train Timing, Advantages, Aspect Results, Ayurvedic Administration

Components chargeable for transformation of meals

Warmth (Pitta), Vata (air, wind), moisture, unctuousness, time of digestion and acceptable administration – these elements are chargeable for the transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) of meals. [14]

Particular actions of reworking elements

Components described within the above verse that are mentioned to be chargeable for transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) carry out the next particular motion:

  • Pitta (warmth) digests
  • Vata transports meals nearer to Pitta for digestion
  • Moisture loosens the meals particles
  • Unctuousness softness the elements
  • Time convey concerning the maturity of the method of digestion and
  • Acceptable administration of meals brings about equilibrium of Dhatus [15]
    Learn – Understanding Digestion Course of From An Ayurveda View

Transformation of attributes

In the course of the strategy of transformation, the attributes of meals elements assume the attributes of (or turn out to be homologous with) such of the tissue parts of the physique as will not be contradictory on nature. When they’re contradictory, properties of 1 act in opposition to the opposite through the strategy of interplay ensuing within the decay of the physique [16]

Two classes of bodily attributes

Attributes of the physique are once more of two classes, viz. Prasada (pure substance) and Mala (impurities). Of them, these which trigger obstruction or troubles within the physique are known as as mala. Substances that are produced in varied orifices and channels of the physique, that are divergent varieties and are within the strategy of being eliminated out of the physique, the wastes / putrefied supplies of the eyes, ears and nostril, the blood and different tissues which have gotten suppurated and have acquired the type of pus, vitiated Vata, Pitta and Kapha and such different substances which whereas present within the physique causes its destruction belong to this class.
All of them come below the class of Mala (impurities) and the remaining is Prasada (Pure substance). The latter (prasada) are labeled into seven classes i.e. the tissues starting with Rasa (plasma) and ending with Shukra (semen). They are often labeled into twenty classes on the idea of their attributes starting with Gurutva (heaviness) and ending with Dravatva (fluidity). Due to this fact the seven tissues and twenty attributes (qualities) when are in a state of steadiness and never producing the ailments are thought of as prasada bhaga i.e. pure substances of the physique. [17]
Learn – Dhatu Mala: Tissue Waste Merchandise: Ayurveda perspective

Vitiation by Doshas

Of all these, Vata, Pitta and Kapha naturally have the capability to vitiate issues (tissues of the physique). When these doshas get vitiated by exogenous elements they might vitiate the opposite parts of the physique (together with the tissues).

Indicators and signs of the vitiation of assorted Dhatus in numerous instances have already been described within the 28th chapter of Sutra part. Such are the manifestations of the vitiated Doshas after they are available contact with the tissue parts of the physique.
When in regular state, Vata and so on; are chargeable for the upkeep of the well being of the person. So a clever man ought to attempt to preserve the doshas of their regular state. [18]

The doctor, who’s all the time conversant with the assorted facets of the whole physique, can also be very proficient in Ayurveda – which might bestow happiness and well being to the whole universe. [19]
Learn – Function Of Doshas As Tissues and Waste Merchandise (Dhatu And Malaroopa Of Doshas)

Question about foetus

Whereas Lord Atreya was imparting the above directions, Agnivesha requested, “We’ve heard your expositions on the physique.  Now we wish to hear the next:
Which of the organs of the foetus is manifested first within the pelvis of the mom?
The place does the face of the foetus lie within the uterus and what posture does it preserve inside?
By which meals is it nourished and the way does it come out?
What are the meals and regimens that are chargeable for its fast dying after delivery?
What are the elements that assist in the expansion of the foetus with none illness?
Whether or not the ailments afflicting the foetus is brought on by Gods and so on or not?
What’s your opinion relating to the well timed or premature dying of the foetus?
What’s the span of its life? and
What elements are chargeable for the upkeep of the lifespan? “[20]

Views of Sages about ‘organs to be fashioned first’ in a foetus

Lord Punarvasu Atreya replied to Agnivesha, “Within the fourth chapter of this part coping with the formation of embryo, the way wherein the foetus is fashioned within the uterus of the mom and the mode of manifestation of its varied organs are already described. However there are numerous forms of controversies on such issues amongst all of the sages who’re authors within the topic. They’re enumerated under:

Sl No Title of the sage Opinion relating to the primary organ of the foetus fashioned / manifested
1 Kumarashira Bharadvaja noticed that the top of the foetus is first manifested within the uterus as a result of it’s the receptacle of all sense organs
2 Kankayana, the doctor from Bahlika, coronary heart being the receptacle of consciousness is first fashioned
3 Bhadrakapya Nabhi (umbilicus) is first fashioned because it serves the means to offer nourishment to the foetus
4 Bhadrashaunaka rectum situated close to the colon is first fashioned since that is the positioning for Vata
5 Badisa fingers and toes are first fashioned being the devices of the person for his actions
6 Janaka of Videha sense organs being the receptacles of senses are first fashioned
7 Marici Kasyapa it isn’t potential to make any assertion about first formation of any organs as they can’t be noticed instantly
8 Dhanvantari all of the organs are fashioned concurrently

The view of Dhanvantari is appropriate as all of the organs like coronary heart and so on. are (truly) fashioned concurrently. In line with Atreya, it’s true that the center is the origin of all organs and the receptacle of sure phenomena. So the formation of all different organs doesn’t happen earlier than the formation of the center. So, all these organs like coronary heart and so on are fashioned concurrently. All phenomena are in reality inter-dependent. So the view of Dhanvantari is quiet appropriate and ought to be acceptable by all. [21]
Learn – Involvement Of Doshas In Formation Of Organs

Posture of the foetus

The foetus lies within the uterus with its face in direction of the again of the mom, head upwards and limbs folded and wrapped up by the placenta. [22]

Thirst and starvation of foetus

The foetus is free from thirst and starvation. It’s dependent upon the mom for all its actions. It lives upon the nourishment by the method of Upasneha (exudation) and Upasveda (conduction of warmth). A few of its organs are properly manifested and a few others will not be so. It attracts nourishment by the method of exudation typically by way of the holes within the hair follicles and typically by way of the channels of umbilical twine.
The umbilical twine of the foetus is hooked up to the umbilicus and the placenta to the umbilical twine. The placenta is in flip related with the center of the mom. The guts of the mom floods the placenta (with nourishment) by the pulsating vessels. This rasa (nutritive fluid) promotes energy and complexion of the foetus as a result of it’s composed of all of the tastes.
Rasa (digestive product of meals) of the pregnant lady serves three functions i.e. 

  1. Nourishment of her personal physique
  2. Lactation and
  3. Progress and growth of the foetus being supported by that meals

The foetus that’s dependent upon the mom retains dwelling inside (the uterus). [23]
Learn – Conception And Formation Of Fetus As Per Ayurveda

Strategy of supply

In the course of the time of supply, the foetus turns its head downloads by advantage of the Prasuti Maruta (Vayu which regulates the method of ship) and will get delivered by way of the vaginal path. That is the conventional scenario. Conditions aside from this represent abnormality. After supply the kid is free in its motion. [24]

Components chargeable for correct development of foetus

The weight loss program and routine described within the 8th chapter of this part, if adopted, promotes the expansion of foetus with out inflicting any morbidity.
The identical weight loss program and regimens inappropriately administered would possibly destroy the foetus instantly after delivery because the wind and solar destroy a planted tree whose roots will not be but firmly established. [25-26]
Learn – Month-to-month Growth Of Fetus – Ayurvedic perspective

Justifications for the existence of ailments brought on by divine displeasure

Can ailments within the foetus be brought on because of the displeasure of Gods and different divine entities?

It is likely to be potential. The explanations / proofs are as talked about under –

  • The outline of the identical has been given by the clever individuals and authors in varied treatises
  • Sight of surprising occasions like super- pure energy, data, attraction and so on
  • Particular nature of the etiologic, indicators, signs and remedy and
  • There are specific ailments which don’t correspond to the aggravation of any of those Doshas [27]

Well timed and Premature dying

Our views on the existence and non-existence of well timed and premature dying are as follows:
“Whosoever dies would die on time as a result of the time has no void in any way (time is transferring consistently with out interruption)”. That is what some students say. However this not appropriate. Time having or not having void, each are incorrect. Time has a definite function of its personal which doesn’t admit any void or absence thereof in its definition.
Some others say “Each time one dies, he dies on the appointed hour of dying. Being free from hatred or attachment, time offers equally with all creatures (so dying all the time happens on the predestined second),” this additionally is just distortion of info.
The truth that everyone dies doesn’t show the equality in temporal actions.

Whether it is mentioned that the time when one dies is the time predetermined for this dying, then each motion of life as and when it happens may be taken as pre-determined in respect of time. However this additionally isn’t true. In line with this idea all actions ought to occur at a set and predetermined time. However this won’t occur as a rule. Even virtually we will see that premature meals; speech and motion will yield worst outcomes and when the identical are completed well timed the results will probably be good and fascinating.
One may also observe by the use of direct notion manifestation of assorted elements relying upon their well timed or premature motion. For instance, such and such is the opportune or inopportune time for such and such ailments, meals, ‘drugs, remedy and remission.

Even a layman talks in these phrases, reminiscent of, it rains on time or in any other case; it’s chilly or sizzling on time or in any other case; flowers and fruits of the tree have occurred in time of in any other case. So each the issues equally maintain good. Due to this fact, dying happens in time. If there was no premature dying, then the span of each one would have been fastened and due to this fact the data of healthful and unwholesome objects can be of no use in any respect. The supply of data like notion, inference and verbal testimony accepted in all scriptures would stop to be sources of data as a result of all these sources of data clearly show that there are elements that are conducive to longevity and in any other case so the assertion of some Rshis to the impact that premature dying can not happen is confined to phrases solely (and to not info). [28]
Learn – Kala – The Time Issue

Components chargeable for upkeep of regular span of life

Within the Kali age the conventional span of life (of human beings) is 100 years. The elements chargeable for the upkeep (of the conventional span) of life are:

  • Prakrti Sampat i.e. state of steadiness and excellence of Doshas within the structure of the person
  • Guna Sampat i.e. excellence of the compactness of the physique and excellence of hereditary qualities; and
  • Atmasampt i.e. virtuous acts conducive to longevity. [29-30]
    Learn – Ayu – Which means, Rationalization, Varieties Of Lifespan

To sum up:
The next 9 subjects are duly mentioned by the nice sage on this chapter on the “Data of the Particulars of the Physique” is conducive to its understanding:

Definition of Sharira (physique) the best way how it’s troubled resulting in illness and destruction:
Enhance or lower of Dhatus
Therapy of poor Dhatus
Components chargeable for the expansion of physique
Components chargeable for the digestion and metabolism of meals
Components which assist in the digestion and metabolism of meals
The mode of motion of every of the above talked about elements
Mala (impurities) and Prasada (Pure) kind of Dhatus and varied queries [31-34]

Thus ends the sixth chapter of Sharira part on “the data of the Particulars of the Physique as conducive to its understanding “of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [6]

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