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How Dim Sum Legend Koi Palace Preserves the Legacy of Cantonese Banquet Tradition


A chef waves a suckling pig over a charcoal fireplace, his wrist turning and twisting till the pig’s pores and skin is evenly browned and completely crisp. ​​Kids clamor over bamboo steamer baskets in the identical pagoda-inspired banquet corridor the place their dad and mom celebrated their marriage ceremony years in the past. At first, Daly Metropolis’s Koi Palace seems unchanged by the final 25 years, a stronghold of conventional Cantonese delicacies. Then, a supply arrives from the restaurant’s commissary kitchen. The employees unloads xiao lengthy bao dyed 5 totally different colours, and types by way of sauce bases and shares that may glaze Iberico pork char siu and mapo tofu blended with plant-based meat at Koi Palace’s newer sibling eating places, Dragon Beaux, Palette Tea Home, and Palette Tea Backyard.

When brothers Ronny and Willy Ng opened Koi Palace in 1996, the household had already opened Wok Store Cafe and Completely happy Valley, which had three areas, in San Francisco. Ronny provided culinary data from his time cooking in Hong Kong, and Willy centered on the entrance of home and enterprise operations. (To this present day, Ronny prefers staying within the kitchen and letting Willy deal with any interviews.) The 2 restaurant ideas primarily supplied white clientele a mismatched delicacies Willy Ng describes as “Szechuan, Hunan, chop suey,” though Completely happy Valley was one of many first eating places in San Francisco to supply scorching pot. The household bought their stake in Wok Store Cafe in 1990, however the restaurant nonetheless stands on Sutter Avenue. Once they bought Completely happy Valley at the start of 1996, Willy thought his time within the restaurant enterprise is likely to be over.

Willy, wearing a navy jacket, and Ronny, wearing a black vest, Ng.

Willy (left) and Ronny (proper) Ng.

Then, a property supervisor supplied an area that would home a 450-seat eating room and was simply accessible from I-280. Willy and Ronny determined to tackle an bold problem­: opening a standard Cantonese seafood restaurant that might serve Chinese language Individuals transferring into the Bay Space’s quickly growing and diversifying suburbs. Greater than 25 years later, Koi Palace Daly Metropolis is the restaurant group’s oldest property, a spot the place servers can break up a complete fish amongst a desk of eight with only one hand and wok cooks have dedicated lots of of off-menu dishes to reminiscence. However because the years have passed by, each the restaurant’s loyal clients and workers have grown older. Willy Ng worries that youthful clients may really feel uncomfortable in Koi Palace in the event that they’re unfamiliar with Cantonese delicacies and the Chinese language language. “You’ll really feel like you’re a stranger … suppose, ‘Possibly [Koi Palace] isn’t my place,’” he says.

So Willy Ng now faces a brand new problem: making Cantonese delicacies that’s accessible to new generations of clientele, and reproducible with out a classically educated kitchen employees. His answer? Smooth eating places serving multicolored dumplings and a behind-the-scenes commissary kitchen powered by equipment and a employees of 60.


The peach-colored exterior of Koi Palace.

Koi Palace in Daly Metropolis.

Curved seafood cases at Koi Palace.

Koi Palace’s Chinese language identify, Lei Yue Mun (鯉魚門), references an space in Hong Kong recognized for eateries lined with tanks of dwell seafood. Willy and Ronny Ng invested virtually $200,000 into Koi Palace upon its opening and imported curved glass from China as a way to recreate these tanks. Willy Ng makes it clear — Koi Palace isn’t only a dim sum parlor, but in addition a restaurant preserving the wealthy historical past of Cantonese cooking. “You understand in China, the Eight Nice Traditions, the eight totally different provincial cuisines? Cantonese [cuisine] is at all times primary,” he says.

Koi Palace, now with further areas in Milpitas and Dublin beneath the identical administration workforce, offers an area for Cantonese Individuals to uphold traditions centered round meals and banquet tradition. Waiters in fits and ties carry platters of hard-boiled eggs, dyed purple, to households celebrating the well being of a new child; teams celebrating Chinese language New 12 months collect round poon choi, a big bowl layered with meats, seafood, and greens that symbolize prosperity. The floor consists of Cantonese delicacies’s most prized elements: abalone braised in a shiny brown sauce and prawns the scale of 1’s fist with impossibly vivid purple shells.

A lot of the eating room is crammed with aged regulars, a few of whom go to Koi Palace 5 to 6 occasions per week. They apply yum cha, a phrase that actually means “ingesting tea” and refers to a typical apply of gathering with family and friends to share dim sum. Willy Ng splits his time between Koi Palace and his newer eating places however treasures the chance to sit down down in its eating room and greet outdated clients. “Some [bring] their very own youngsters and grandchildren. Over 25 years, so many issues occur … I at all times say hello, and though generally I can not acknowledge their face or their identify, I nonetheless really feel heat, closeness, and familiarity,” he says.

However Willy Ng fears youthful diners, particularly second-generation Asian Individuals, could really feel alienated by the traditions preserved at Koi Palace. Ordering in Cantonese banquet halls usually requires a sure stage of cultural data; a lot of Koi Palace’s fish tank residents aren’t listed on the menu, so clients should ask, “What seafood is recent at present?” “How a lot does it weigh?” Some older clients may ask to see their chosen fish splashing round in a plastic bag as proof of its freshness. Deciding the seafood’s preparation can resemble a negotiation — ought to crab be stir-fried with scallions and ginger, shelled and served with steamed egg whites, battered with salted egg yolks, or some mixture of those off-menu strategies? Ng is aware of his loyal clients really feel at house conversing with the servers who’ve walked the eating room for many years. He needs to keep away from making any modifications that might threaten this sense of familiarity for his longtime patrons, whereas nonetheless providing a welcoming surroundings to these much less acquainted however keen to be taught.

Kwan Yi Wu wears a mask and holds up a large king crab.

Kwan Yi Wu, generally known as Mr. Ricky, holds up a big king crab.

In the meantime, the waning variety of classically educated Cantonese cooks, coupled with the questions the pandemic has raised about demanding, usually low-paying kitchen jobs, makes Ng predict that sometime only some massive banquet halls will exist within the Bay Space. Referencing how Koi Palace’s lead barbecue chef has been hunching over a charcoal fireplace for over 25 years, Ng asks, “Who want to be taught this type of job? If I pay you 50 p.c greater than your present pay, you continue to received’t wish to do it. With out ardour, nobody will wish to do it.”

Confronted with a want to serve a broader clientele however a dwindling variety of skilled cooks, the Koi Palace restaurant group has shifted towards opening eating places with up to date interiors, streamlined menus, and notably Instagrammable dishes (the rainbow soup dumplings have grow to be notably iconic/sticky on social media). At Dragon Beaux (2015), Palette Tea Home (2019), and Palette Tea Backyard (2020), some variations from Koi Palace are small. The fish tanks have been branded with the identify “Reside Seafood Showcase,” and there’s a menu itemizing the seafood choices with their origins. Merchandise names are written in English, Chinese language, and Pinyin (a romanization of Chinese language characters for individuals who can communicate, however not learn Chinese language) to account for all ranges of Chinese language proficiency. Different modifications are extra noticeable, together with a cocktail program designed by bartender Carlos Yturria (the Treasury, Absinthe, and others) and employees and clientele who’re far youthful and extra numerous than at Koi Palace.

A steamer basket filled with five different colors of soup dumplings.

Standard rainbow-colored soup dumplings at Koi Palace.

Cooks at Dragon Beaux and the Palette eating places showcase their creativity and talent by way of dishes like lobster dumplings pierced with pipettes of warmed butter that clients inject themselves. However with out a big workforce of cooks skilled in Cantonese delicacies, many members of the kitchen employees concentrate on getting ready solely a few objects and studying generalized types of Chinese language culinary approach.

On the identical time, Willy Ng says clients’ palates are extra discerning than ever as a result of this youthful clientele has grown up consuming at wonderful Chinese language eating places. This dilemma led him to open a commissary kitchen in Millbrae in 2011. About 60 workers work within the commissary and put together dim sum, soup bases, and sauces which can be delivered to the group’s eating places and make life simpler for the cooks. This mannequin takes its inspiration from Ng’s visits to China and Singapore, the place these wholesale kitchens are commonplace. The commissary has been integral to the restaurant group’s operations for greater than a decade, and many purchasers have unknowingly loved its merchandise at Koi Palace, catering occasions at tech corporations, and thru on-line orders of frozen dim sum through the pandemic.

Whereas the commissary is crammed with equipment, operations are overseen by Koi Palace’s longest-tenured cooks. They ensure that elements of the method are completed by hand, if that’s the technique that creates the perfect product. “Genuine means conventional … genuine for the Chinese language is a really deep historical past, a really deep data,” Ng says. So whereas mooncakes is likely to be stamped and formed in a $80,000 machine as an alternative of picket molds, salted duck egg yolks are folded in manually. Meats are marinated earlier than roasting, and soups are made within the conventional model of double-boiling, that means elements are steamed with water in an enclosed bowl to protect their texture and taste.

In a world the place ghost kitchens and supply companies can foster considerations about the way forward for eating places, Ng is worked up. He sees a chance to hold on Koi Palace’s authentic purpose – serving Cantonese meals made with conventional strategies. Ng hopes to in the future promote frozen, restaurant-grade dim sum to among the almost 50,000 Chinese language eating places in the US. “My dream is to be in each restaurant. You possibly can eat egg rolls, spring rolls, and pot stickers [in any Chinese restaurant in the United States right now]. However sooner or later, I hope there will likely be xiao lengthy bao and siu mai in each restaurant,” he says.

Again at Koi Palace, nonetheless, Willy Ng’s objectives are extra modest. He plans on finishing another renovation on the Daly Metropolis restaurant however will protect its menu, traditions, and fish tanks. When explaining his imaginative and prescient for Koi Palace, Ng employs two appropriately old-school Cantonese phrases. The primary one interprets to, “We’ll open till the employees retires.” The second, “Make friends really feel at house.”

Steam rises out of baskets in the kitchen.

Contained in the kitchen at Koi Palace in Daly Metropolis.

A row of cooks and steaming woks.

A cook moves a tower of steamer baskets.

Koi Palace cook Ruan Zheng Wu.

Koi Palace prepare dinner Ruan Zheng Wu.

Koi Palace barbecue chef Yao Xuan Yu cooks a pig over a fire.

Koi Palace barbecue chef Yao Xuan Yu.

Koi Palace cooks Kam Sum Tong (left) and Xue Xi Zheng (right) stand in front of a line of grills.

Koi Palace cooks Kam Sum Tong (left) and Xue Xi Zheng (proper).

Koi Palace Manager King Yat Kwan wear clear plastic goggles in front of a wooden wall.

Koi Palace Supervisor King Yat Kwan.

Koi Palace manager Lock Him Szeto wears a black jacket and gold tie.

Koi Palace supervisor Lock Him Szeto.

Shrimp shumai in a steamer basket.

A table with a plate of dumplings.

Willy Ng in the dining room at Koi Palace.

Willy Ng within the eating room at Koi Palace.



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